Story of river Ganga

And my obsession with Ramayana continues 🙂

The great river Ganga is a Man made river unlike a natural one, here’s the story , Read on…..

 Every body knows that Gangaji came from heaven by the efforts of King Bhagirath. There are several stories as to how Ganga reached heaven. During Bawan Avatar when the foot of Avatar reached heaven, the creator of Universe-Brahma, washed the big toe of the foot and collected the water in his Kamandal-a pot of water with a nozzle, that is why another name of Ganga is Vishnu padi.        The popular story known to every Indian since thousands of years is that sixty thousand sons of king Sagar were burnt to ashes due to the anger of saint Kapil muni whom they blamed wrongly  for the theft of the horse of the ritual yagya of king Sagar. King Sagar was worried about the salvation or nirvana of his sons. Nirvana means the soul of the deceased rests in peace. Various saints suggested that if the holy river Ganga is brought from heaven and ashes were dipped in its water their souls will rest in peace. King Sagar asked his grandson Anshuman to do so. He tried very hard-worshiped the God but could not succeed. His son Dilip also tried in this direction but could not succeed.
        After Dilip his son king Bhagirath worshiped Lord Brahma for many years. When Brahmaji pleased, king requested him to release the holy river from his Kamandal and let it flow on the Earth so that it could offer nirvana to his ancestors. Brahma told him that he could release Ganga but it will descend on the Earth with such a velocity that Earth can not tolerate it. So Lord Shiva should be requested to receive Ganga on his head to save the Earth from destruction. King did the same and Lord Shiva pleased after many years of worship and agreed to stand the force of Ganga coming from heaven. Brahma released Gangaji but it disappeared in the hair locks of Shiva. King  had to worship Lord Shiva again to release Ganga from his hair locks. When ultimately Ganga was released it followed the chariot of king Bhagirath. In the way it destroyed the worship place of king Janhu who drank the whole river due to anger. Bhagirath requested him and after being pleased he released Ganga who followed the king Bhagirath to meet the ocean in Bay of Bengal at Ganga Sagar. In the way it accepted the ashes of sons of king Sagar thus allowing peace to the departed souls.

 Now, we will try to analyze the whole story which has been so beautifully written thousands of years back that it has been remembered by billions of people in the past thousands of years.

        In India, at least, even in this 21st century there are episodes of drought, hunger and death, where people die of hunger due to lack of rains and irrigation facilities. This natural disaster is not new, it has been there since times immemorial. During the reign of king Sagar also episodes of these disasters used to happen off & on and thousands of men, women, children and cattle were victims every time. King decided that the country must have a regular source of irrigation which could provide food even in absence of natural rain. The greatest source of water in Eastern India is the great Himalaya. Hundreds of capable men were sent there to search water. Journey in forest  and hills of Himalaya was extremely difficult and dangerous those days.  Most of the men could not make their way back  home. those who returned reported that there are hundreds of streams on the mountain but to bring them to our land is impossible. King Sagar was already dead while this search was going on. His grandson Anshuman occupied the throne. He and after him his son Dilip tried in this direction but did not succeed.

        The natural episodes kept on happening with intervals of few years. When Bhagirath became the king he decided to try again for a permanent source of irrigation because it was the only solution to save the people from this disaster. Some of the workers reported that an extremely large Glacier about 50miles*50miles is hidden between the peaks of Himalayas and a small stream of water is coming out from it. The water was perfectly clear, pure and tasty. King Bhagirath himself went to the Glacier and was extremely delighted to see it. He decided this water must reach my land. This stream disappeared after moving several miles in the mountain. This stream has to be carried down the hill. But the amount of water was not sufficient to be carried to his state. The engineers decided to join several streams flowing down the mountain nearly seven of them to make one river by breaking the path in the mountain, they named this river Bhagirathi and joined it with original Ganga.

        Meanwhile a large canal was being digged in the state of Bhagirath to receive the water from Ganga. An outlet for  this huge water has to be made and so the canal was connected to river Yamuna in Prayag the present Allahabad and was a huge river to accommodate the water of the canal.

        King Janhu appeared in winter when most of the small streams got frozen and water was insufficient to reach the kingdom of Bhagirath. New efforts had to be made to increase the water supplies in the canal. Several years later engineers reported that a large river Alaknanda is flowing in the east which if joined with the Ganga  will have sufficient water in the canal for the whole year-winter, summer and rains. It took several years to break the mountains-the hair locks of Lord Shiva-to join Alaknanda with Ganga. This water of “Tripathga”–Ganga, Bhagirathi and Alaknanda was allowed to flow in the canal already prepared to pass through the kingdom of Bhagirath and ultimately joined Yamuna to reach the Bay of Bengal at Ganga Sagar. The Yamuna is named Ganga after Prayag although at Sangam the amount of water in Yamuna is several hundred times more than the amount of water in Ganga, the man made canal, this is just to respect the colossal endeavor  and sacrifice of thousands of men in bringing Ganga from Gomukh, the place where it appears from the glacier, to Prayag.

The ancient mythology is very well explained when a look at the wonderful Glacier compels one to call it-Brahma Kamandal, the hilly mountain peaks gives an appearance of hair locks of Lord Shiva and the disappearance of Ganga in winter due to freezing of streams-King Janhu says it.



This article is not to deviate from holding religious point of view nor is an attempt to nullify the ‘Sakar’ roop of gods and is not with an intention to devalue religionrefer: geocities/ganga.htm






2 Responses

  1. […] This water of “Tripathga”–Ganga, Bhagirathi and Alaknanda was allowed to flow in the canal already prepared to pass through the kingdom of Bhagirath and ultimately joined Yamuna to reach the Bay of Bengal at Ganga Sagar. …[Continue Reading] […]

  2. During episode of rapid and intense warming that lasted less than 100,000 years. deep ocean currents were exceptionally warm. The polar regions were much warmer than today, rainy climates extended as far north as 45°.
    Destruction of life and dinosaurs on earth occurred was not linked to ONLY KT phenomenon but also simultaneous process of creation of Himalaya range. Saraswati, Originating from Himalayan SHIVALIK range area, draining to PUSHKAR to RANN OF KUTCH, though the course of the river change time to time with seismic activity. One of the tributary was MITHI from SINDH area. Other was KHARI from RAJASTHAN desert area and even SARASWATI of Sidhdhhpur PATAN was joining the main river drainage. RANN OF KUTCH is part of those river delta.

    1. Shivalik Hills: altitude varying between 900 to 2300 meters. the source of the rivers like Saraswati, Ghaggar, Tangri and Markanda.
    2. Ghaggar Yamuna Plain: Divided in 2 parts – the higher one is called ‘Bangar’ and the lower ‘Khadar’. This alluvium plain is made up of sand, clay, silt and hard calcareous balls like gravel known locally as kankar.
    3. Semi-desert sandy plain: This area includes the districts of Sirsa and parts of Hissar, Mahendergarh, Fatehbad, Bhiwani.
    4. Aravali hills: This is a dry irregular hilly.
    Many theories and researches have been put forward to explain HIMALAYA

    Himalaya was formed during this present Manvantar – seventh Manvantara – of Vaivasvata Manu.
    If the KT period has Passed 64.8Mn years (65 Mn), that is the Likely time event The Himalaya was created by collision of the Indo-Eurasian Plates. But Ganga was not existing, After a Long period of lack of Sun heat, cloudy dusty atmosphere Earth went to a deep freezing and after LONG LONG freezing periods vast glaciations were formed in whole of the Himalayan uplifting region. Kailash was the Higher than Everest-UMOLANGAM may not be existing at that time. But the destruction was Prevented by Shiva JATA – Kailash , Mansarowar. And safe GANGA AVTARAN PLANNED BY BHAGIRATH.

    BHAGIRATH made the river Ganga come to Earth. And took many generations before he succeeded to do so. The following figures may put some light on it. That was the Time Before last 12 MAHAYUGAS.

    Generally Puran do not mentioned the days of the occasions. But DEVIBHAGVAT has GANGAJI AVTARAN was the day of MANGALWAR, JYESHth SUD DASHAM , HAST NAKSHTRA.
    1KT =15 Maha Yugas(15 x 4.32) =68.48 Mn years
    Ganga Avtaran time is about before 12 MahaYugas 12×4.32 Mn + SatYuga +TretaYuga+Dwapar+present KaliYug =51.84 Mn + 1728000 + 1296000 + 864000 +5116 =Total Years =55733116= 55.733116 Mn

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